The ESS facility design will meet the high standards of safety expected by its users and its personnel, and will meet all regulatory requirements. These standards apply to aspects of safety such as radiation, fire, cryogenics, chemicals, heavy loads, and other hazardous items or situations. The security of the facility will be designed to meet the basic in-house security rules and regulatory requirements as well as the needs of individual users and personnel so that all may work in an open and friendly atmosphere.
The Licensing Process
According to the Swedish Radiation Protection Act, all facilities that generate ionization radiation must have a permit. This applies equally across the board from ordinary X-ray machines in hospitals to research laboratories to nuclear facilities. ESS has submitted a Preliminary Safety Analysis Report (PSAR) to the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM), which is the national licensing authority for radiation safety. The PSAR and the application for construction were sent to SSM in mid-March 2012. The document provides information, in terms of radiation safety, on the suitability of the site, technical design, and methods for constructing an accelerator- and spallation-based neutron source.
In July 2104, the SSM granted conditional approval for ESS, which allows construction to proceed. Further information will have to be provided to the SSM on operational aspects and on decommissioning. A specific Decommissioning Plan will be submitted.
Read more about the licensing process for ESS according to the Swedish Radiation Protection Act here.
Environmental Impact Assessment
In accordance with the Swedish Environmental Code, ESS needs to have a formal ruling from the Swedish Environmental Court (EC). ESS has submitted an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) as well as a formal application to the EC. This covers issues such as noise, emissions, and other non-radiation environmental impact factors. The application covers both construction and operations. It also includes impacts on the landscape, geology, and water supply, and effects on local communities. The document was sent to the Environmental Court in mid-March 2012.
The EC approved ESS construction plans in June 2014.
Read more about licensing according to the Swedish Environmental Code here.
In accordance with the Planning and Building Act, ESS needs a formal building permit from the Lund Municipality. Before a formal application can be submitted, the ESS site has to be formally regulated by a Detailed Plan. This is carried out by the Building Planning Office at the Lund Municipality with support from ESS. The proposal for a Detailed Plan was finalised in September 2012.
Read more about the licensing according to the building and planning act here.