The increased performance of the ESS facility will elevate research using neutrons to a new level. We will utilise the high beam intensity and long pulses with clever, flexible instrumentation, and enable new science through high-performance computing, real-world sample environments and state-of-the-art support facilities. Smaller and more complex samples will be accessible for neutron investigations, making the study of rare and biological samples and samples under extreme conditions possible, among other things. These gains will bring a paradigm shift in neutron science, and expand the use of neutron methods, providing the wider research community with a smart new set of experimental options.
ESS will offer neutron beams of unparalleled brightness for cold neutrons, delivering more neutrons than the world’s most powerful reactor-based neutron sources today, and with higher peak intensity than any other spallation source.
The long neutron pulses (3 ms) of ESS are inherently advantageous to designing flexibility into the instruments. Tailoring the pulse width adjusts resolution and bandwidth, enabling investigations of structures and dynamics over several length- and time-scales.
ESS is putting special emphasis on creating and using first-class software for instrument control, data processing, analysis, and visualisation.
Real-world samples and extreme conditions
We strive towards improved understanding of increasingly complex phenomena, representing reality. Complexity can mean a multitude of interrelated physical properties within the materials or studying real-world heterogeneous samples within their (extreme and natural) environment. Combing state-of-the-art sample environment equipment and laboratories with the higher brilliance will allow the study of smaller real-world samples.